As we know, the old age is a physiological process of human race, where physical, physiological and social changes happen. We can define elderly age as a period of humans evolutionary cycle, which can easily be a third part of our whole life.
Growing old is a dynamic, gradual, natural and inevitable process. It is said that someone becomes an elderly when he is around 65 years old and it is quite associated with retirement. It is a really chaotic change for everyone and a lot of changes take place in different aspects of life.
Here we have some of the most significant changes:
- Changes in health: The possibility of diseases increases.
- Physiological changes: Cells grow old and the corporal structure changes. Moreover, people lose elasticity and hydration on the skin, and, because of that, wrinkles appear in elderly people`s faces.
- Changes in activity: The capacity of exercising increases. Nevertheless, people have to stay active, more than ever.
- Changes in perception: All the senses may get affected , and together with them , other sensorial problems, such as hearing or sight problems.
- Nutritional changes: As metabolism changes, diet also becomes more specific and delicate.
- Social changes: social relationships and roles change, even within the family. Moreover, a lot of people due to their own personal struggles don’t get actively involved in society.
- Memory loss: There are a lot of elements that can make a person lose memories, such as loneliness, inactivity, some medicines, or even some some brain diseases. The most known illness is Alzheimer’s disease. According to a survey that an Spanish web page specialized in elederly people did, around 8% of the people between 65 and 85 suffer it, while 25% or 50% of the people older than 85 years suffer it.
- Changes in routine and sleep: The individual stops following routines so the sleeping pattern totally changes.
- Self-concept: At the same time as our body image changes, our self -concept also changes, and it is usually quite negative, causing problems in autoestime.
As we can see, we can define this period as a period of changes. We will examine some of these changes in the following articles.